You’ve seen Flat White on your local coffee shops menu, you’ve likely heard friends who order it but what is a flat white and what’s the difference between a flat white vs a latte?
What is a flat white?
The simple answer is a flat white is an espresso drink with a small a layer of frothy microfoam made from steamed milk.
There’s a lot of different information out there debating the exact makeup of a flat white (is it a single shot, double shot, ristretto?). Some say a double shot of espresso means it’s not a true flat white. Others say it doesn’t matter how much espresso is in there as long as the amount of microfoam stays a small amount (less than a latte).
One key component is the use of microfoam. Microfoam is foam with bubbles so tiny you can barely even see them. It’s made by using a steaming wand. The milk is frothed and foamy, creating a meniscus.
The microfoam is the hardest part to master when making a flat white. It must be steamed at a consistent temperature so it blends with the espresso correctly. The microfoam is what gives a flat white it’s creamy taste!
So if you’re someone who loves the taste of coffee but want a splash of milk and tasty microfoam, this is a great drink for you!
Why is a flat white called a flat white?
Historically any coffee without milk was called black coffee. A coffee with milk added to it was called a white coffee. Since a flat white has very small layer of flat foam (or foam with no bubbles) in it, it was called a flat white!
How is it served?
A flat white is typically served in a small ceramic cup with a saucer.
Where did the flat white originate?
Like the debate of what is exactly in a flat white, there’s a lot of debate about where it originated! We do know, it started in either Australia or New Zealand sometime around 1980.
There’s evidence of it being in a Sydney cafe Miller’s Treat in May of 1983. There’s also claims from New Zealand from Wellington as a “failed cappuccino”. (source)
It’s is now on the menu in the the United States as well as the United Kingdom and many other cafes around the world.
How it differs from other coffee drinks
You can check out this post for tons of information about 19 different types of coffee.
What is the difference between a latte and a flat white?
A latte is espresso with steamed milk and a layer of foam on top. A flat white, on the other hand, is espresso with steamed milk but much less steamed milk than a latte.
What is the difference between a cappuccino and a flat white?
One of the key differences between a cappuccino and a flat white is that a cappuccino has a thick layer of bubbly foam. The flat white is espresso and micofoam blended together, there aren’t layers like the cappucino.
So the next time you’re out and want to try something new, check out a flat white! See if you tell the difference between a flat white and a latte and experience the velvety taste of the microfoam.